Colorado National Monument
Wandering the Rockies and want to find a place where the scenery is spectacular, but your chance to find a campground is pretty good during summer travel days, then don't look much further than the National Monument known simply as Colorado. Although it is currently in the midst of a campaign to upgrade the status to a national park and get more attention, for right now, Colorado National Monument near Grand Junction is one of those gems of the National Park systems that somehow gets passed by, as folks travel to the Grand Tetons or Yellowstone or even Rocky Mountain National Park. But the sites here are spectacular as well, and the crowds less intrusive, so if that's what you're looking for this year, then take a trek to the National Monument, before more than the current sub 500,000 visitors per year find it.
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- Then and Now
- Things You Should Not Miss
The park is an easy find off Route 70, whether you come through Grand Junction into the west entrance or the east entrance, which is actually north, off the Fruita exit. The visitor center and campground are closer to the east entrance, only four miles in, while 19 miles from the west. The only way to get from one place to the other inside the park is the Rim Rock Drive, a spectacular outlook for the entire park, but if you're initial goal is the visitor center or campground, you might want to stay on I-70 or Route 340 outside the park and enter from the east.
When you visit this park, don't expect a forested park. For the most part, this is a desert park, with the spires and mountains rising 2,000 feet above the Grand Valley of the Colorado River. The Colorado River is situated not too far outside the borders of this park. Keep your eyes peeled for spectacular canyons and wildlife, including red-tailed hawks, golden eagles, coyotes, and bighorn sheep.
Colorado National Monument Then
The history of the land of any national park in this part of the west stems predominantly from its Indian heritage, Northern Ute in this case, and although that heritage is in fact marred by the removal of the tribes, it still remains an integral part of the story of Colorado National Monument. That story, however, does begin to change when the various land surveys of the 1869-1878 era, like that shown above in the photograph of one of the spectacular spires by William H. Jackson during the Hayden Survey. What followed were the various Homestead Acts that brought settlers to the communities that would spring up around the sites, and then conflict, at times, with the efforts to create the national monument. That effort began around 1907 when John Otto arrived and begain his campaign for Monument Valley to be preserved as a National Park. It achieved National Monument status on May 24, 1911 when President Taft signed a proclamation to that effect. John Otto became the first park ranger, making $1 per month.
The roads of the park were built during the decades after that; first Serpents Trail between 1912 and 1921, then Rim Rock Drive in 1931. Historic photos courtesy Library of Congress, National Park Service, and the National Archives.
Colorado National Monument Now
Rim Rock Drive and the Visitor Center - In many ways the two most important, to visitors at least, modern improvements to the park. Rim Rock Drive was started in 1931 and became a Civilian Conservation Corps project two years later. The current Visitor Center is part of the 1956, Mission 66, program.
Colorado National Monument
1. The Visitor Center films. Both 12 minutes long, they give an good overview of the park, it's geology, and history before you venture out on your own, whether that's by car, bike, or hike. The topics, ... "Spirit of Colorado National Monument" and "The Geologic History of Colorado National Monument."
2. Take the Rim Rock Drive. If follows the rim of the mountains and provides a spectacular view of the majority of the park. It's a slow ride, 25 MPH, with three tunnels (check if you'll fit), but a ride you won't want to miss.
3. Tour the ranger guided tour. Held on a variety of topics. Check at the visitor center for the current schedule. They are held from Memorial Day to Labor Day.