Point Reyes Lighthouse

Photo above: Point Reyes Lighthouse, 1870s. Courtesy Library of Congress. Right: Drakes Beach scene at Point Reyes National Seashore. Source: National Park Service.

Point Reyes National Seashore

Point Reyes National Seashore

Cute seal pups, one fantastic historic lighthouse that's been overlooking this point above San Francisco for over a century, cool crisp beach days, and scenery extraordinaire. That's just a few of the attractions that draw millions of visitors to this oasis of land sliding along the cliffs of central urging on northern California. There's the native culture, a variety of visitor center exhibits, and a history of radio waves, just to name a few more. Visit Point Reyes National Seashore for any of those pursuits along the Pacific Ocean and you'll get even more than you bargained for, whether you want to visit its history, walk a beach or path, or drive along the coast.



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  • Point Reyes National Seashore

    For many, it's a place to hike along the ocean cliffs north of the city, where you might get to witness seal pups near Chimney Rock from December to March or whales in migration from January to April, and ocean waves all year long. There's one hundred and fifty miles of trails to explore. Yes, that's one hundred and fifty. So grab your backpack and head out. If you desire, head off to one of the primitive campgrounds and make it a more than one day trip. But what many come to the area to see, from a historic standpoint, is the Point Reyes Lighthouse that has been guarding the shoreline since 1870. The area here has a diverse past. It's been a cattle ranching area, heritage land for the Miwok Indians, a place of seismic proportions, and home to Marconi. There are wildlife to watch and oysters to bed. By the end of the day, depending on the activity you choose, you may just want to lay in the bed with them.

    Photo above: Point Reyes National Seashore scene looking north. Source: National Park Service.

  • Point Reyes Lighthouse

    Point Reyes Then

    Point Reyes Lighthouse - It became apparent long before the days of the 1849 Gold Rush, that the area of Point Reyes was a danger to ships. In 1595, the San Agustin wrecked on Drakes Beach, the first shipwreck in California history. These wrecks continued through the rush until 1870 when the United States Lighthouse commission built the Point Reyes Lighthouse. It would provide service for one hundred and five years. The lighthouse assisted, but did not stop the wrecks.

    Miwok Indians - Coast Miwok inhabited the area of Marin and Sonoma Counties in villages of seventy-five to one hundred people. They were farmers and gatherers who used the land and ocean for growing lettuce and gathering kelp and seafood.

    Cattle Ranching - Beyond the coast and forest lies the Pastoral Zone of the park, where cattle ranches sprung up due to many of the demands of the 1849 Gold Rush. Cattle had been introduced to the area in 1817 by the Franciscan missionaries and the industry grew through the gold rush period to collectives and large ranches such as the Tomales Point ranch of Solomon Pierce.

    Marconi and the Radio Days - Guglielmo Marconi built wireless radio in the area, starting in 1913, which communicated with the ships in the area. Station KPH, owned by Marconi and later RCA, would operate in the Point Reyes region until 1997.

    Point Reyes Now

    The park was established in 1962 to preserve the history and land here. Along the coast, the lighthouse still stands, with exhibits in the visitor center below, and twenty-five stories of steps to climb to visit. If open on the day you go, and you're capable of making such a climb, it's a worthwhile visit for anyone who loves the sea, lighthouses, and history. There's also the Point Reyes Lifeboat Station to visit.

    The Kule Loklo recreated village gives a sense of what a Coastal Miwok village looked like in the past. No village was located exactly where the recreation stands. Today there are five hundred descendents of the tribe. In July, there is a Big Time Festival at the village showing the culture and trade of the Coast Miwok. You can also visit the ranching past at the Pierce Point Ranch, located at the northern Tomales Point area of the park. Be aware that many of the other existing ranches are still commercially farmed. There's also one very interesting site for the expedition history fan, that of Nova Albion, where Francis Drake had his campsite in 1579.

    Okay, we've focused on what the man-made history buff might like at Point Reyes, but much of what's special about this place had a higher hand. The cliffs. The ocean. The beach. The whales and sea lions. They're all here to see on a ride down the park roads or a hike on one of those miles and miles of paths.

    Photo above: View of Point Reyes Lighthouse from the Historic American Building Survey, post 1933, date unknown. Photo courtesy Library of Congress.

  • Point Reyes Lighthouse

    Point Reyes National Seashore


    1. Well, you've just got to visit the Point Reyes Lighthouse. Ask at the Visitor Center for the days and hours as they seem to change. Usually open Fridays to Mondays. Not open during very windy, above 40 mph days. A special treat during some summer Saturday nights is an evening program with the light turned on. Check if that's a possibility; requires a reservation. Remember, there's a steep climb to the light, twenty-five stories, so only do if you are capable.

    2. Especially on a rainy day, ask about getting a showing of one of the special videos in the Bear Valley Visitor Center auditorium. There's about a dozen, including Point Reyes, the Point of Kings. Yes, that's about the lighthouse. Welcome to Kule Loklo is about the heritage of the Miwok Indians of the area.

    3. As always at a National Park, Seashore, or Recreation Area, if there's a ranger guided talk or tour, take one. Here you might learn about a lighthouse, the Miwok Indians, bats, mountain lions, or the ocean. Check at the Bear Valley Visitor Center for the schedule. Many times of the year, these walks are only available on the weekends.

    Photo above: Stereoscopic view of Point Reyes Lighthouse in the 1870s. Source: Library of Congress.


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