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National Park Timeline

Redwood National Park

National Park Timeline

The history of our National Park system and other federal lands began in 1790 when the District of Columbia was formed. This included what now is part of our park system; the White House, the National Mall, and the National Capital Parks. But it was not until Yellowstone was installed as a National Park on March 1, 1872 that you could truly say that the National Park System was founded. And it was a great founding. The National Park Timeline here will be organized by current park unit, in alphabetical order, and include the dates of formation, and any other changes that may have occurred.

  • N

    Natchez National Historic Park Mississippi October 7, 1988

    Natchez Trace National Scenic Trail Mississippi, Alabama, and Tenn. March 28, 1983

    Natchez Trace Parkway Mississippi, Alabama, and Tenn. June 19, 1934 - - Authorized Natchez Trace Parkway, 1934, and acquired 1938. Also authorized as Meriwether Lewis NM, February 6, 1925. Also authorized Ackia Battleground NM, Miss., August 27, 1935. Meriwether Lewis NM and Ackia Battleground NM incorporated in Natchez Trace Parkway, 1961. Also includes Tupelo and Brices Cross Roads National Battlefields within its jurisdiction.

    National Capital Parks Central, National Capital Parks East District of Columbia and Maryland July 17, 1790 - Originally authorized as part of District of Columbia with the White House, Capital Parks, and National Mall, July 17, 1790. Authorized and acquired Baltimore-Washington Parkway, Maryland, August 3, 1950, which was incorporated in National Capital Parks, 1975. Suitland Parkway, Maryland and DC, acquired August 17, 1949, and incorporated in National Capital Parks, 1975.

    National Park of American Samoa American Samoa October 31, 1988

    Natural Bridges National Monument Utah April 16, 1908

    Navajo National Monument Arizona March 20, 1909

    New Bedford Whaling National Historic Park Massachusetts November 12, 1996

    New Orleans Jazz National Historic Park Louisiana October 31, 1994

    New RIver Gorge National RIver West Virginia November 10, 1978

    Nez Perce National Historic Park Idaho May 15, 1965

    Nicodemus National Historic Site Kansas November 12, 1996

    Ninety-Six National Historic Site South Carolina August 19, 1976

    Niabrara National Scenic River Nebraska May 24, 1991

    Noatak National Preserve Alaska December 1, 1978, Authorized as Noatak National Monument, 1978. Incorporated in Noatak National Preserve, 1980.

    North Cascades National Park Washington October 2, 1968

    O

    Obed Wild and Scenic River Tennessee October 12, 1976

    Ocmulgee National Monument Georgia June 14, 1934

    Olympic National Park Washington March 2, 1909 - Authorized as Mount Olympus National Monument, 1909. Incorporated in Olympic National Park, June 29, 1938.

    Oregon Caves National Monument Oregon July 12, 1909

    Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument Arizona April 13, 1937

    Ozark National Scenic Riverways Missouri August 27, 1964

    P

    Padre Island National Seashore Texas September 28, 1962

    Palo Alto Battlefield National Historic Site Texas November 10, 1978

    Pea Ridge National Military Park Arkansas July 20, 1956

    Pecos National Historic Park New Mexico June 28, 1965 - - Authorized as Pecos National Monument, 1965. Redesignated Pecos National Historic Park, June 27, 1990.

    Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site District of Columbia June 25, 1987

    Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial Ohio June 2, 1936 - Designated 1965 Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial Ohio June 2, 1936 - Authorized Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial National Monument, 1936. Redesignated Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial, 1972.

    Petersburg National Battlefield Virginia July 3, 1926 - Authorized as Petersburg National Battlefield Site, 1926. Redesignated Petersburg National Battlefield, 1962.

    Petrified Forest National Park Arizona December 8, 1906 - Redesignated from National Monument to National Park, 1962.

    Petroglyph National Monument New Mexico June 27, 1990

    Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore Michigan October 15, 1966

    Pinnacles National Monument California January 16, 1908

    Pipe Spring National Monument Arizona May 31, 1923

    Pipestone National Monument Minnesota August 25, 1937

    Piscataway Park Maryland October 4, 1961

    Point Reyes National Seashore California September 13, 1962

    Potomac Heritage National Scenic Trail Maryland, DC, Virginia, and Pennsylvania March 28, 1983

    Poverty Point National Monument Louisiana October 31, 1988

    Prince William Forest Park Virginia November 14, 1936 - Authorized as Chopawamsic Recreational Demonstration Area, 1936. Redesignated Prince William Forest Park, 1948.

    Pu'unhonua o Honaunau National Historic Park Hawaii July 26, 1955 Authorized as City of Refuge National Historic Park, 1955. Redesignated Puuhonua o Honaunau NHP, 1978.

    Pu'ukohola Heiau National Historic Site Hawaii August 17, 1972

    R

    Rainbow Bridge National Monument Utah May 30, 1910

    Redwood National Park California October 2, 1968

    Richmond National Battlefield Park Virginia March 2, 1936

    Rio Grande Wild and Scenic River Texas November 10, 1978

    Rock Creek Park District of Columbia September 27, 1890

    Rocky Mountain National Park Colorado January 26, 1915

    Roger Williams National Memorial Rhode Island October 22, 1965

    Rosie the Riveter WWII Home Front National Historic Park California October 24, 2000

    Ross Lake National Recreation Area Washington October 2, 1968

    Russell Cave National Monument Alabama May 11, 1961


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Fort Vancouver

Papago Saguaro National Monument, Arizona, established January 31, 1914, and abolished in 1930. Old Kasaan National Monument, Alaska, established October 25, 1916, and abolished in 1955. National Visitor Center, District of Columbia, established March 12, 1968, and abolished, 1981. Oklahoma City National Memorial, Oklahoma, established October 9, 1997, and deauthorized as a unit January 23, 2004. Affiliated with the National Park Service and operated by the Oklahoma City National Memorial Foundation. Some additional changes post 2003 have not yet been added to the list.

  • Other Park Notes