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National Park Timeline

Yellowstone National Park

National Park Timeline

The history of our National Park system and other federal lands began in 1790 when the District of Columbia was formed. This included what now is part of our park system; the White House, the National Mall, and the National Capital Parks. But it was not until Yellowstone was installed as a National Park on March 1, 1872 that you could truly say that the National Park System was founded. And it was a great founding. The National Park Timeline here will be organized by current park unit, in alphabetical order, and include the dates of formation, and any other changes that may have occurred.

  • S

    Sagamore Hill National Historic Site New York July 25, 1962Saguaro National Park Arizona March 1, 1933 - Authorized as Saguaro National Monument, 1933. Redesignated Saguaro National Park, 1994.

    Saint Croix National Scenic River Minnesota and Wisconsin October 2, 1968

    Saint Paul's Church National Historic Site New York November 10, 1978 - Designated 1943.

    Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site New Hampshire August 31, 1964

    Salem Maritime National Historic Site Massachusetts March 17, 1938

    Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument New Mexico December 19, 1980 - Authorized Gran Quivira National Monument, 1909. Incorporated in Salinas Missions NM, December 19, 1980. Renamed Salinas Pueblo Missions, 1988.

    Salt River Bay National Historic Park and Ecological Preserve Virgin Islands February 24, 1992

    San Antonio Missions National Historic Park Texas November 10, 1978

    Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site Colorado April 27, 2007

    San Francisco Maritime National Historic Park California June 27, 1988 - formerly part of Golden Gate National Recreation Area

    San Juan Island National Historic Park Washington September 9, 1966

    San Juan National Historic Site Puerto Rico February 14, 1949

    Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area California November 10, 1978

    Saratoga National Historic Park New York June 1, 1938

    Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site Massachusetts April 5, 1968

    Scotts Bluff National Monument Nebraska December 12, 1919

    Sequoia National Park California September 25, 1890

    Shenadoah National Park Virginia May 22, 1926

    Shiloh National Military Park Tennessee December 27, 1894

    Sitka National Historic Park Alaska March 23, 1910 - Authorized as National Monument, 1910. Redesignated as National Historic Park, 1972.

    Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore Michigan October 21, 1969

    Springfield Armory National History Site Massachusetts October 26, 1974

    Statue of Liberty National Monument New Jersey and New York March 3, 1877 - Dedicated 1886. Designated a National Monument, 1924.

    Steamtown National Historic Site Pennsylvania October 21, 1986

    Stones River National Battlefield Tennessee March 3, 1927 - Authorized as Stones River National Military Park, 1927. Redesignated Stones River National Battlefield, 1980.

    Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument Arizona May 26, 1930 - Authorized as Sunset Crater National Monument, 1930. Redesignated Sunset Crater Volcano NM, 1990.

    T

    Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve Kansas November 12, 1996

    Thaddeus Koscieuszko National Memorial Pennsylvania October 21, 1972

    Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site New York July 25, 1962

    Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural Historic Historic Site New York November 2, 1966

    Theodore Roosevelt Island District of Columbia May 21, 1932

    Theodore Roosevelt National Park North Dakota April 25, 1947 - Authorized as Theodore Roosevelt National Memorial Park, 1947. Redesignated Theodore Roosevelt NP, 1978.

    Thomas Jefferson Memorial District of Columbia June 26, 1934 - Dedicated 1943.

    Thomas Stone National Historic Site Maryland November 10, 1978

    Timpanogos Cave Historic Monument Utah October 14, 1922

    Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve Florida February 16, 1988

    Tonto National Monument Arizona December 19, 1907

    Tumacacori National Historic Park Arizona September 16, 1908 - Authorized as as Tumacacori National Monument, 1908. Redesignated Tumacacori NHP, August 6, 1990.

    Tupelo National Battlefield Mississippi February 21, 1929 - Authorized as Tupelo National Battlefield Site, 1929. Redesignated Tupelo National Battlefied, 1961

    Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site Alabama November 6, 1998

    Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site Alabama October 26, 1974 Tuziggot National Monument Arizona July 25, 1939

    U

    Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site Missouri October 2, 1989

    Upper Delaware Scenic and Wild River Pennsylvania and New York November 10, 1978

    USS Arizona Memorial Hawaii September 9, 1980

    V

    Valley Forge National Historic Park Pennsylvania July 4, 1976

    Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site New York December 18, 1940

    Vicksburg National Military Park Mississippi February 21, 1899

    Vietnam Veterans Memorial District of Columbia July 1, 1980 - Dedicated 1982

    Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument Virgin Islands January 17, 2001

    Virgin Islands National Park Virgin Islands August 2, 1956

    Voyageaurs National Park Minnesota January 8, 1971

    W

    Walnut Canyon National Monument Arizona November 30, 1915

    War in the Pacific National Historic Park Guam August 18, 1978

    Washington Monument District of Columbia August 2, 1876, - Dedicated 1885.

    Washita Battlefield National Historic Site Oklahoma November 12, 1996

    Weir Farm National Historic Site Connecticut October 31, 1990

    Whiskeytown National Recreation Area California May 31, 1962 - Authorized as Whiskeytown-Shasta-Trinity NRA, 1962.

    White House District of Columbia July 17, 1790 - Originally authorized as part of District of Columbia with the White House, Capital Parks, and National Mall, July 17, 1790. On the grounds of President's Park.

    White Sands National Monument New Mexico January 18, 1933

    Whitman Mission National Historic Site Washington June 29, 1936 - Authorized as Whitman National Monument, 1936. Redesignated Whitman Mission National Historic Site, 1963.

    William Howard Taft National Historic Site Ohio December 2, 1969

    Wilson's Creek National Battlefield Missouri April 22, 1960 - Authorized as Wilson's Creek Battlefield National Park, 1960. Redesignated Wilson's Creek National Battlefield, 1970.

    Wind Cave National Park South Dakota January 9, 1903

    Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts Virginia October 15, 1966

    Women's Rights National Historic Park New York December 28, 1980

    World War II Memorial District of Columbia May 29, 2004

    Wrangell St-Elias National Park and Preserve Alaska December 1, 1978 - Authorized as Wrangell St. Elias National Monument, 1978. Incorporated in Wrangell St. Elias NP and Preserve, 1980.

    Wright Brothers National Memorial North Carolina March 2, 1927 - Authorized as Kill Devil Hill Monument, 1927. Redesignated Wright Brothers National Memorial, 1953.

    Wupatki National Monument Arizona December 9, 1924

    Y

    Yellowstone National Park (1st National Park) Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho March 1, 1872

    Yosemite National Park California October 1, 1890 - Yosemite State Park founded June 30, 1864 and incorporated into National Park in 1906.

    Yucca House National Monument Colorado December 12, 1919

    Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve Alaska December 1, 1978. - Authorized as Yukon-Charley National Monument, 1978. Redesgnated Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve, 1980.

    Z

    ZionNational Park Utah July 31, 1909 - Authorized as Mukuntuweap National Monument, 1909. Authorized Zion National Monument, March 18, 1918. Mukuntuweap NM and Zion NM incorporated in Zion NP, 1919. Other section authorized as Zion National Monument, January 22, 1937, and incorporated in Zion NP, 1956.


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Zion National Park

Sully's Hill National Park, ND, authorized on April 27, 1904. Transferred to Agriculture Department as game preserve, 1931. Wheeler National Monument, Colorado, established December 7, 1908 and abolished 1950. Shoshone Cavern National Monument, Wyoming established September 21, 1909 and abolished 1954. Verendrye National Monument, North Dakota, established June 29, 1917, and abolished in 1956. Shasta Lake Recreation Area, California, established May 22, 1945, and transferred to the Forest Service, 1948. Saint Croix Island National Monument, Maine, established June 8, 1949, and redesignated an International Historic Site, 1984. Shadow Mountain Recreation Area, Colorado, established June 27, 1952, and transferred to the Forest Service, 1979.

  • Other Park Notes