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National Park Timeline

Yellowstone National Park

National Park Timeline

The history of our National Park system and other federal lands began in 1790 when the District of Columbia was formed. This included what now is part of our park system; the White House, the National Mall, and the National Capital Parks. But it was not until Yellowstone was installed as a National Park on March 1, 1872 that you could truly say that the National Park System was founded. And it was a great founding. The National Park Timeline here will be organized by current park unit, in alphabetical order, and include the dates of formation, and any other changes that may have occurred.



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  • S

    Sagamore Hill National Historic Site - New York, July 25, 1962

    Saguaro National Park - Arizona, March 1, 1933. Authorized as Saguaro National Monument, 1933. Redesignated Saguaro National Park, 1994.

    Saint Croix National Scenic River - Minnesota and Wisconsin, October 2, 1968

    Saint Paul's Church National Historic Site - New York, November 10, 1978. Designated 1943.

    Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site - New Hampshire, August 31, 1964

    Salem Maritime National Historic Site - Massachusetts, March 17, 1938

    Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument - New Mexico, December 19, 1980. Authorized Gran Quivira National Monument, 1909. Incorporated in Salinas Missions NM, December 19, 1980. Renamed Salinas Pueblo Missions, 1988.

    Salt River Bay National Historic Park and Ecological Preserve - Virgin Islands, February 24, 1992

    San Antonio Missions National Historic Park - Texas, November 10, 1978

    Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site - Colorado, April 27, 2007

    San Francisco Maritime National Historic Park - California, June 27, 1988. Formerly part of Golden Gate National Recreation Area.

    San Juan Islands National Historic Park - Washington, September 9, 1966

    San Juan National Historic Site - Puerto Rico, February 14, 1949

    Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area - California, November 10, 1978

    Saratoga National Historic Park - New York, June 1, 1938

    Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site - Massachusetts, April 5, 1968

    Scotts Bluff National Monument - Nebraska, December 12, 1919

    Sequoia National Park - California, September 25, 1890

    Shenadoah National Park - Virginia, May 22, 1926

    Shiloh National Military Park - Tennessee, December 27, 1894

    Sitka National Historic Park - Alaska, March 23, 1910. Authorized as National Monument, 1910. Redesignated as National Historic Park, 1972.

    Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore - Michigan, October 21, 1969

    Springfield Armory National History Site - Massachusetts, October 26, 1974

    Statue of Liberty National Monument - New Jersey and New York, March 3, 1877. Dedicated 1886. Designated a National Monument, 1924.

    Steamtown National Historic Site - Pennsylvania, October 21, 1986

    Stones River National Battlefield - Tennessee, March 3, 1927. Authorized as Stones River National Military Park, 1927. Redesignated Stones River National Battlefield, 1980.

    Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument - Arizona, May 26, 1930. Authorized as Sunset Crater National Monument, 1930. Redesignated Sunset Crater Volcano NM, 1990.

    T

    Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve - Kansas, November 12, 1996

    Thaddeus Koscieuszko National Memorial - Pennsylvania, October 21, 1972

    Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site - New York, July 25, 1962

    Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site - New York, November 2, 1966

    Theodore Roosevelt Island - District of Columbia, May 21, 1932

    Theodore Roosevelt National Park - North Dakota, April 25, 1947. Authorized as Theodore Roosevelt National Memorial Park, 1947. Redesignated Theodore Roosevelt NP, 1978.

    Thomas Jefferson Memorial - District of Columbia, June 26, 1934. Dedicated 1943.

    Thomas Stone National Historic Site - Maryland, November 10, 1978

    Timpanogos Cave Historic Monument - Utah, October 14, 1922

    Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve - Florida, February 16, 1988

    Tonto National Monument - Arizona, December 19, 1907

    Tumacacori National Historic Park - Arizona, September 16, 1908. Authorized as as Tumacacori National Monument, 1908. Redesignated Tumacacori NHP, August 6, 1990.

    Tupelo National Battlefield - Mississippi, February 21, 1929. Authorized as Tupelo National Battlefield Site, 1929. Redesignated Tupelo National Battlefied, 1961

    Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site - Alabama, November 6, 1998

    Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site - Alabama, October 26, 1974 Tuziggot National Monument Arizona July 25, 1939


    U

    Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site - Missouri, October 2, 1989

    Upper Delaware Scenic and Wild River - Pennsylvania and New York, November 10, 1978

    USS Arizona Memorial - Hawaii, September 9, 1980

    V

    Valley Forge National Historic Park - Pennsylvania, July 4, 1976

    Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site - New York, December 18, 1940

    Vicksburg National Military Park - Mississippi, February 21, 1899

    Vietnam Veterans Memorial - District of Columbia, July 1, 1980 - Dedicated 1982

    Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument - Virgin Islands, January 17, 2001

    Virgin Islands National Park - Virgin Islands, August 2, 1956

    Voyageaurs National Park - Minnesota, January 8, 1971

    W

    Walnut Canyon National Monument - Arizona, November 30, 1915

    War in the Pacific National Historic Park - Guam, August 18, 1978

    Washington Monument - District of Columbia, August 2, 1876. Dedicated 1885.

    Washita Battlefield National Historic Site - Oklahoma, November 12, 1996

    Weir Farm National Historic Site - Connecticut, October 31, 1990

    Whiskeytown National Recreation Area - California, May 31, 1962. Authorized as Whiskeytown-Shasta-Trinity NRA, 1962.

    White House - District of Columbia, July 17, 1790. Originally authorized as part of District of Columbia with the White House, Capital Parks, and National Mall, July 17, 1790. On the grounds of President's Park.

    White Sands National Monument - New Mexico, January 18, 1933

    Whitman Mission National Historic Site - Washington, June 29, 1936. Authorized as Whitman National Monument, 1936. Redesignated Whitman Mission National Historic Site, 1963.

    William Howard Taft National Historic Site - Ohio, December 2, 1969

    Wilson's Creek National Battlefield - Missouri, April 22, 1960. Authorized as Wilson's Creek Battlefield National Park, 1960. Redesignated Wilson's Creek National Battlefield, 1970.

    Wind Cave National Park - South Dakota, January 9, 1903

    Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts - Virginia, October 15, 1966

    Women's Rights National Historic Park - New York, December 28, 1980

    World War II Memorial - District of Columbia, May 29, 2004

    Wrangell St-Elias National Park and Preserve - Alaska, December 1, 1978. Authorized as Wrangell St. Elias National Monument, 1978. Incorporated in Wrangell St. Elias NP and Preserve, 1980.

    Wright Brothers National Memorial - North Carolina, March 2, 1927. Authorized as Kill Devil Hill Monument, 1927. Redesignated Wright Brothers National Memorial, 1953.

    Wupatki National Monument - Arizona, December 9, 1924

    Y

    Yellowstone National Park (1st National Park) - Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho, March 1, 1872

    Yosemite National Park - California, October 1, 1890. Yosemite State Park founded June 30, 1864 and incorporated into National Park in 1906.

    Yucca House National Monument - Colorado, December 12, 1919

    Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve - Alaska, December 1, 1978. Authorized as Yukon-Charley National Monument, 1978. Redesignated Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve, 1980.

    Z

    Zion National Park - Utah, July 31, 1909. Authorized as Mukuntuweap National Monument, 1909. Authorized Zion National Monument, March 18, 1918. Mukuntuweap NM and Zion NM incorporated in Zion NP, 1919. Other section authorized as Zion National Monument, January 22, 1937, and incorporated in Zion NP, 1956.


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Zion National Park

Sully's Hill National Park, ND, authorized on April 27, 1904. Transferred to Agriculture Department as game preserve, 1931. Wheeler National Monument, Colorado, established December 7, 1908 and abolished 1950. Shoshone Cavern National Monument, Wyoming established September 21, 1909 and abolished 1954. Verendrye National Monument, North Dakota, established June 29, 1917, and abolished in 1956. Shasta Lake Recreation Area, California, established May 22, 1945, and transferred to the Forest Service, 1948. Saint Croix Island National Monument, Maine, established June 8, 1949, and redesignated an International Historic Site, 1984. Shadow Mountain Recreation Area, Colorado, established June 27, 1952, and transferred to the Forest Service, 1979.

  • Other Park Notes

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