|January - The Bank of North America opens its doors and
the Robert Morris, the superintendent of Finance recommends the
creation of a national mint and decimal coins.
March 20 - Lord North resigns as British Prime Minister, leading the way for a New British cabinet agrees to recognize United States independence.
June 20 - The Bald Eagle is adopted by Congress as the national bird.
July 11 - British troops begin to leave United States' soil, evacuating Savannah, Georgia. On December 14, they would continue their evacuation by leaving Charleston, South Carolina.
November 7 - British Parliament agrees to the recognition of U.S. independence. A preliminary peace treaty, later formalized as the "Treaty of Paris" is signed between American and British officials in Paris on November 30.
|April 19 - Congress ratifies the preliminary pace
treaty, ending the Revolutionary War.
Massachusetts Supreme Court outlaws slavery, citing the state Bill of Rights “all men are born free and equal.”
September 3 - In Paris, France, John Adams leads an American delegation to France and signs the Treaty of Paris officially ending the Revolutionary War between the United States and Britain. The treaty was signed at the Hotel d'York, which was one of the most prestigious of all Paris hotels at the time and even today the building, currently a hotel by the name
of 56 Rue Jacob, could never be listed among Paris' cheap hotels.
November 3 - Army is ordered disbanded by General George Washington. After the British leaves New York City on November 25, Washington bids goodbye to his officers at Fraunces Tavern in New York City on December 4.
Noah Webster publishes the American Spelling Book, a bestseller. More than a million copies are sold of "Webster's Dictionary." Webster's Dictionary is credited for standardizing spelling and pronunciation in the United States of America.
|January 14 - Congress ratifies the final peace treaty
between Great Britain and the United States, ending the conflict that
would give America its freedom.
March 1 - All children born after this date in 1984 in Rhode Island are free. Rhode Island’s passage of its Emancipation Act provided for the gradual abolishment of the right to hold slaves.
September 21 - The Pennsylvania Packet & General Advertiser is published, the first successful daily newspaper in the United States.
By the end of 1784, trade with Great Britain had returned as Britain receives its first bales of imported American cotton.
November 24 - Zachary Taylor, who would become the 12th president of the United States, is born.
|January 7 - Dr. John Jeffries, an American physician,
joins John-Pierre Blanchard, a French aviation pioneer, to become the
first men to cross the English channel by air, traveling from Dover,
England to Calais, Francein in hydrogen gas balloon.
July 6 - The United States adopts a decimal coinage system, with the dollar overwhelmingly selected as the monetary unit, the first time any nation has done so.
August 23 - Oliver Hazard Perry, American naval officer, is born.
Stewart Dean, the most famous navigator of Albany, New York, sailed from Albany to China from late 1984 through the year of 1785 year. Dean, on the private schooner Nimrod, had been captured by the British at St. Kitts in 1782, and later released.
|August 17 - American frontiersman David "Davy" Crockett
September 11-14 - Five state delegates at a meeting in Annapolis, Maryland call for Congress to hold a convention in Philadelphia in order to write a constitution for the thirteen states.
John Fitch invents the steamboat, launching it on the Delaware River in 1787 with six large paddles, like an Indian canoe, that was powered by a steam engine.
The Indian nation of the Choctaw, originally located in the southeastern states of Mississippi, Alabama, and Louisiana and known as one of the five civilized tribes, sign the first of nine peace treaties between the United States and the tribe.
Rhode Island farmers struck against merchants who refused to accept the depreciated paper currency.
|January 25 - In Massachusetts, six hundred debt-ridden
farmers, led by Daniel Shays, revolt against their creditors and high
Massachusetts taxes. Faced with imprisonment and the loss of
their farms for not paying their debts, they engage in Shays’s
Rebellion, but it fails when state militia intervene. Daniel
Shays would escape to Vermont with the death penalty on his head, but
later would be pardoned for his actions.
May 25 - With George Washington presiding, the Constitutional conventions opens in Philadelphia’s Independence Hall.
July 5 - A compromise during the Constitutional Convention proposed by Roger Sherman of Connecticut solves the problem of the amount of votes each state would receive in Congress. A bicameral legislature would be enacted, with equal votes for the Senate and proportional representation based on population in the House of Representatives.
July 13 - The Northwest Ordinance, which determined a government for the Northwest Territory of the United States (north of Ohio River and west of New York), was adopted by the Continental Congress. It guaranteed freedom of religion, school support, and no slavery, plus the opportunity for statehood.
September 17 - Delegates to the Constitutional Convention adopt the Constitution.
|March 21 - Twenty-five percent of the population of New
Orleans perish in a tragic fire that destroyed 856 buildings
the majority of the city in ruins.
June 21 - Ratification by New Hampshire of the United States Constitution, the 9th state to do so, indicates adoption of the document by the United States.
John Fitch begins to operate passenger service from Philadelphia to Burlington, New Jersey on a sixty foot steamboat, which proved unprofitable.
|February 4 - The 1st Congress meets in Federal Hall,
New York City with regular sessions beginning two months later on April
6. Frederick A. Muehlenberg becomes the first Speaker of the
newly formed House of Representatives.
March 4 - In Federal Hall, New York City, a converted Customs House, the government of the United States under the United States Constitution begins to act. The U.S. Constitution is declared to be in effect.
April 30 - The 1st President, George Washington, is inaugurated in New York City. He had been chosen president by all voting electors (there was no direct presidential election) with John Adams elected Vice President.
September 24 - The Federal Judiciary Act is passed, creating the Supreme Court.
September 25 - The Bill of Rights is submitted to the states by Congress.
Historic Travel Tip
History Historic Travel Tip
Get off the beaten path. Walk the land of the national
historic site near twilight, after the exhibits are closed,
and imagine what life was like during the time when
history was made.