|February 20, 1792 - The United States Post Office
Department is established, signed into law by President George
April 5, 1792 - The presidential veto is used for the first time when President Washington turns down a bill to apportion resprentation amongst the states.
May 17, 1792 - The beginnings of the New York Stock Exchange is established with the signing of the Buttonwood agreement.
October 13, 1792 - The cornerstone for the U.S. Executive Mansion (called the White House since 1818) in the new District of Columbia is laid by freemasons and the commissioners of the district during the construction of the home of the president. It would take eight more years before President John Adams would move into the home.
November - George Washington, a Federalist, is reelected president of the United States with no opposition, with John Adams elected Vice President. The Federalists, who believed in a strong central government, outnumbered the other political party at the time, the Democrat-Republicans, who decided against a political fight due to Washington's popularity. Washington had considered not seeking a second term, but decided to serve again, in some part due to trying to stem the tide of political parties.
|February 12, 1793 - The United States Congress passes a
federal law requiring the return of slaves that escaped from slave
states into free territory or states.
April 22, 1793 - George Washington signs the Proclamation of Neutrality in the French Revolutionary Wars, where France has already declared war on England, the Netherlands, Austria, Prussia and Sardinia.
December 9, 1793 - The American Minerva, established by Noah Webster, becomes New York City's first daily newspaper.
September 18, 1793 - George Washington lays the cornerstone in the Capitol building, beginning the construction on the design by Dr. William Thornton.
August 17, 1793 - Dr. Benjamin Rush conferred with two Philadelphia doctors about an epidemic of disease along the docks of Philadelphia over the preceding two weeks. By November, over 10% of the population of the city had succumbed, nearly 5,000 people. The disease had been brought to the city by refugees from the Haiti, then coupled with a wet spring and swamps that became an incubator for mosquitos.
|March 14, 1794 - Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin,
which could do the work of fifty men when cleaning cotton by hand.
March 27, 1794 - The U.S. Government establishes a permanent navy and commissions six vessels to be built. They would be put into service three years later.
August 20, 1794 - General Anthony Wayne, commander of Ohio-Indiana area, routed a confederacy of Indian tribes, including Shawnee, Mingo, Delaware, Wyandot, Miami, Ottawa, Chippewa, and Potawatomi, at Fallen TImbers on the Maumee River, causing a retreat in disarray.
September 1794 - The Whiskey Rebellion occurs when western Pennsylvania farmers in the Monongahela Valley, upset over the liquor tax passed in 1791, are suppressed by 15,000 militia sent by Alexander Hamilton to establish the authority of the federal government to uphold its laws.
November 19, 1794 - Jay's Treaty is signed between the United States of America and the Kingdom of Great Britain. This treaty tries to settle some of the lingering troubles stemming from the American Revolution.
|August 3, 1795 - General Wayne signs a peace treaty
the Indians at Fort Greenville, Ohio, ending the hostilities in the
what was then known as the Northwest Territories after the Indian
confederation's defeat (the treaty included the above mentioned tribes,
as well as the Eel Rivers, Weas, Kickapoos, Piankeshaws, and
Kaskaskias) at Fallen Timbers the year before.
The University of North Carolina, at Chapel Hill, becomes the first operating state university in the United States, and the only public university to graduate students in the 18th century.
October 27, 1795 - The Treaty of Madrid is signed, establishing the boundaries between the Spanish Colonies and the United States.
November 28, 1795 - The United States purchases peace with Tunis and Algiers by supplying a frigate and over $800,000.
|June 1, 1796- Tennessee is admitted into the Union as
the 16th state.
September 19, 1796 - President George Washington gives his final address as president, urging strong warnings against permanent foreign alliances, large public debt, and a large military establishment.
December 7, 1796 - The U.S. Electoral College meets to elect Federalist John Adams as president. John Adams defeated Thomas Jefferson, of the Democrat Republican party, whose platform included the notion of a weak central goverment, in the U.S. presidential election. Political parties came into prominence with this election after the retirement of George Washington. Electors who chose the president were chosen by the states, using various methods, including the popular vote or by state legislators. Adams received 71 electoral votes to Jefferson's 68.
|January 3, 1797 - The Treaty of Tripoli, signifying
peace between the United States and Tripoli, is signed at Algiers.
March 4, 1797 - John Adams succeeds George Washington as president of the United States.
The United States begins to build up its navy with the launching of three ships. The U.S. frigate United States in Philadelphia on July 10, 1797; the Constellation in Baltimore on September 7; and the Constitution (old Ironsides) in Boston, September 20. The Constitution, a 44 gun frigate, would immediately see service against Barbary pirates of the coast of Tripoli.
|May 4, 1798 - Thomas Jefferson, then Vice President of
the United States, informs the American Philosophical Society of his
invention of a new mouldboard for a plow.
April 7, 1798 - The Territory of Mississippi is established from parts of Georgia and South Carolina, and alter expanded to included disputed territory of the United States and Spain.
German-American Gottlieb Graupner settles in Boston and becomes the father of orchestral music in the United States. He would later organize the Philharmonic Society.
Congress voids all treaties with France on July 7, 1798, due to French raids on U.S. ships and a rejection of its diplomats, and orders the Navy to capture French armed ships. Eight-four French ships are captured by the U.S. Navy (with 45 ships) and private ships (365).
July 14, 1798 - The Alien and Sedition Acts making it a federal crime to publish malicious statements about the United States Government go into law.
|February 1799 - The French warship L'Insurgente is
captured by the U.S.S. Constellation. (Pic, below,
Hoff., 1883-1966) Napolean stops the French raids after becoming First
March 29, 1799 - A law is passed to abolish slavery in the state of New York, effective twenty-eight year later, in 1827.
The American System of Manufacturing is invented by Eli Whitney, who uses semi-skilled labor, machine tools, and jigs to make standardized, interchangeable parts, then an aseembly line of labor. Whitney first used the system to manufacture 10,000 muskets for the U.S. Government.
Historic Travel Tip
History Historic Travel Tip
After your visit to a historic location you love, consider a contribution to the local of national historic preservation society. Each year, thousands of acres of our historic past are under the threat of extinction. A few dollars now could preserve it forever.