|April 27, 1813 - The Battle of York (Toronto, Canada) is held when American troops raid and destroy, but do not occupy the city.
June 1, 1813 - The city directory of Albany, New York is first published.
June 6, 1812 - Despite having a force three times the size of its British foe, Americans lose the Battle of Stoney Creek to a British army of 700 men under John Vincent.
September 10, 1813 - The Battle of Lake Erie is won by the American navy when Commodore Perry's fleet defeats the ships of British Captain Robert Barclay. This victory allows U.S. forces to take control of the majority of the Old Northwest and lake region.
October 5, 1813 - A United States victory at the Battle of Thames, Ontario allows American forces to break the Indian allies of the English and secure the frontier of Detroit. Native Indian leader Tecumseh of the Shawnee tribe is killed during this battle.
27, 1814 - Settlement opens in large parts of Alabama and Georgia after
Andrew Jackson's militia from Tennessee defeat the Red Stick Creeks of
Chief Menawa along the Tallapoosa River at Horseshoe Bend.|
August 24, 1814 - The White House is burned by British forces upon the occupation of Washington, D.C. during the War of 1812. This act, in retaliation for the destruction by U.S. troops of Canadian public buildings, causes President Madison to evacuate. The British advance would be halted by Maryland militia three weeks later on September 12. Another United States president, James Monroe, would have to wait three years before he could reoccupy the executive mansion.
September 11, 1814 - The Battle of Lake Champlain is won by U.S. naval forces with the U.S.S. Ticonderoga leading the way.
September 13-14, 1814 - Francis Scott Key writes the words to the Star Spangled Banner during the twenty-five hour bombardment of Fort McHenry at the head of the river leading to the Baltimore harbor.
December 24, 1814 - A peace treaty is signed between the British and American government at Ghent, bringing to an end the War of 1812.
|January 8, 1815 - On the Chalmette plantation at New
five thousand three hundred British troops still unaware of the peace
treaty signed two weeks earlier, attack American forces in the last
battle of the War of 1812. Major General Andrew Jackson leads his
American soldiers to victory over British troops under the command of
Sir Edward Pakenham. British troops take over two thousand casualties;
American forces seventy-one.
February 6, 1815 - The first American railroad charter is granted by the state of New Jersey to John Stephens.
August 6, 1815 - Piracy on the high seas by Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli is effectively ended by a flotilla from the United States.
November 12, 1815 - American women's rights activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton in born.
December 25, 1815 - The oldest continuing performance arts organization in the United States, the Handel and Haydn Society of Boston, gives its first performance.
10, 1816 - Second Bank of the United States is chartered, five years
after the expiration of the 1st Bank of the United States.
Caused by the Mount Tambora volcano erupting on April 10, 1815, the entire "Year without a Summer" occurs in the northern hemisphere due to global cooling.
August 1816 - E. Remington and Sons is founded in 1816.
November 1 to December 4, 1816 - James Monroe defeats Rufus King in the United States presidential election, garnering 183 Electoral College votes to 34 for the Federalist King.
December 11, 1816 - The territory of Indiana is admitted into the United States of America as the 19th state.
4, 1817 - James Monroe is inaugurated as the President of the United
States, succeeding James Madison. His vice president, Daniel D.
Tompkins, who would serve alongside Monroe for his entire eight years,
was also inaugurated.
April 28-29, 1817 - The Rush-Bagot treaty is signed. This would limit the amount of armaments allowed on the Great Lakes by British and American forces.
July 4, 1817 - The construction of the Erie Canal begins at Rome, New York. The first section between Rome and Utica would be completed two years later. The canal would eventually connect the Atlantic Ocean, through the Hudson River, to the Great Lakes, with 83 locks over its 363 miles. The canal, when completed in 1825, would cut transport costs by 90%.
December 10, 1817 - The United States of America admits its 20th state, Mississippi.
The second wave of Amish immigration to North America begins in 1817, bringing 3,000 Amish from Europe to relocate in the United States. The first wave of Amish immigration occurred through 1770.
15, 1818 - Andrew Jackson and his American army invade Florida in the
Seminole War, causing repercussions with Spain as negotiations to
purchase the territory had just begun.
April 4, 1818 - The flag of the United States is officially adopted by Congress with the configuration of thirteen red and white stripes and one star for each state in the union. At the time of adoption, with the most recent addition of Mississippi, the flag had twenty stars.
October 20, 1818 - The northern boundary of the United States and Canada is established between the U.S.A. and the United Kingdom. Its location from the Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains would be the 49th parallel.
December 3, 1818 - The state of Illinois is admitted to the Union, making the U.S.A. a republic with twenty-one states.
The first edition of the Farmer’s Almanac is published in Morristown, New Jersey.
2, 1819 - The first financial crises in the United States, the Panic of
1819, occurs, leading to foreclosures, bank failures, and unemployment.
Several causes have been identified, including the heavy amount of
borrowing by the government to finance the War of 1812, as well as the
tightening of credit by the Second Bank of the U.S. in response to
risky lending practices by wildcat banks in the west.
February 15, 1819 - The Tallmadge Amendment is passed by the U.S. House of Representatives, stating that slaves would be barred in the new state of Missouri, which becomes the opening vote in the Missouri Compromise controversy.
February 22, 1819 - The territory of Florida is ceded to the United States by Spain.
May 22, 1819 - The American steamship Savannah, under part steam and sail-power, crosses the Atlantic Ocean from Savannah, Georgia to Liverpool, England, arriving on June 20.
August 6, 1819 - The first private military school in the United States, Norwich University, is founded by Captain Alden Partridge in Vermont.
Historic Travel Tip
History Historic Travel Tip
The National Park Service has, over the past several years, announced increases in the entrance fees to several of the most visited National Parks. For a list of those fees, please visit the National Park Service webpage and check for the park of your interest. A national park vacation is one of the most economical in the nation, but they are subject to the same inflationary pressures of theme parks and other attractions. We, at americasbesthistory.com are urging, however, that the park service keep these increases at a minimum, so that america's best classrooms remain open to all who seek to witness their history and beauty.