What is There Now
What's ThereOver 1,700 acres of battlefield saved by the Trevilian Station Battlefield Foundation and Civil War Trust
A nine stop auto tour (10th optional)
How Much to VisitFree
Hours OpenDriving Tour is open year round. Be mindful that much of the land that you travel past, beyond that owned by the Foundation and Civil War Trust, is private property. Sargeant Museum is open on a seasonal basis Monday thru Saturday.
How to Get ThereFrom Richmond - About 55 miles from Richmond, take I-64 west for 43 miles, then north on Route 208. Route 208 is known as Courthouse Road. In Louisa, take Route 33/23 west (W. Main Street or Gordonsville Road).
Sargeant Museum of Louisa County History
Interesting History Nearby
Sargeant Museum of Louisa County History (above)
Lake Anna State Park
Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Battlefield (below)
Past SpotlightsAmerica On Wheels
Heinz Wildlife/Fort Mifflin
Reading Railroad Museum/Reading Phils Minor League Baseball
Rancho Los Cerritos, Long Beach, CA
Trexler Game Preserve/Horseshoe Trail
Battle of Kelly's Ford, Phelps WMA, VA
Museum of Indian Culture/Lil Le Hi Trout Nursery
Totem Pole Playhouse
Merriweather Post Pavilion, Columbia, Maryland
America's First Roads
We were reminded while visiting the new National Historical Park at Cedar Creek and Belle Grove by a reenactor, that not all battlefields get equal treatment, even if their contribution to the Civil War effort was high. And that is just where the Battle of Trevilian Station sits. It's the largest all cavalry effort of the war, occuring during the Overland Campaign on June 11-12, 1864.
The plan was for the Union cavalry under Phil Sheridan (photo above of Sheridan and his staff in January 1865, including left to right; Gen. Sheridan, Col. Forsyth, Chief of Staff Merritt, Gen. Devin, Gen. Custer) to destroy the Virginia Central Railroad, which had reached Louisa in 1838 and provided access to the rest of the county thereafter to resupply Lee's army, as well as give time for Grant to cross the James River. General Grant got the Union Army across the James, but Sheridan was unable to permanently destroy the railroad, although he certainly destroyed some of it on a less than permanent basis.
There were 9,200 Union cavalrymen in the battle and they sustained losses over 1,000; the Confederates had 6,700 in battle and lost somewhere between 600-850 men killed, wounded, and missing. Imagine that folks, a combined horse force of nearly 16,000 men.
Today, Trevilian Station remains a great, but lesser known preservation success, and is well worth a visit for Civil War buffs and anyone with a penchant for heritage tourism. The Trevilian Station Battlefield Foundation and Civil War Trust have saved over 1,700 acres of battlefield land for interpretation and are in the process of saving more.
There is a 9 stop auto tour for you to take. You can download the PDF from the Trevilian Station Foundation website. The Sargeant Museum of Louisa County currently serves as the visitor center for Trevilian Station. It is located on Fredericksburg Street (photo center right, courtesy Sargeant Museum). A Civil War Trails driving tour is available, although it is a work in progress with additional interpretation of the site to be added in the future.
You'll start your tour next to the Louisa Country Courthouse (picture below, courtesy Trevilian Station Battlefield Foundation). While the courthouse itself wasn't there during the 1864 battle, the old jail was, as well as the Crank Building. You can visit Clayton's store where Sheridan's forces camped, investigate Netherland Tavern (reconstructed), then cover the land where the Union and Confederate forces clashed on the Ogg Farm.