Lithograph of George Washington and his election as Commander in Chief of the Continental Army, Continental Congress. Painting from Currier and Ives, 1876. Courtesy Library of Congress.
American Revolution Timeline - Major Battles
For seven years from 1775-1783, battles were waged around the eastern seaboard of the United States, a revolution among the citizens of America, the nascent United States of America, against the British Empire, colonies rising up against the tyranny of their oppressors and seeking freedom. Led by George Washington in battles fought from Quebec to New England to the Carolinas, it would be a war of liberty, of men fighting for their homeland, of a nation being born. Many of these battles have been shortchanged in the annuls of history; some unknown in the areas where they were fought, but at the end of a decade, a new nation would be hatched from the bravery of the men and women of the American Revolution. The battles listed below are considered the major battles of the American Revolution by the staff of americasbesthistory.com, some protected by National Park Service sites, state parks, and others still to be protected.
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- Battle Timeline
January 2, 1782 - Battle of Videau's Bridge, South Carolina
Troops: Continental Army/Militia NA; British 350.
Casualties (Killed/Wounded/Missing): Continental Army/Militia 77; British 2.
British troops on a foraging expedition from Charleston rout an American force.
January 19 to February 13, 1782 - French Invasion of St. Kitts
Troops: France 7,000; British 3,000.
Casualties (Killed/Wounded/Missing): France NA; British 314.
French siege of the fortress of Brimstone Hill in St. Kitts succeeds after one month with British surrender in action of the Anglo-French War where major action of the American Revolution continued.
April 8, 1782 - Battle of Delaware Bay, New Jersey
Troops: Continental Army 3 ships; British 3 ships.
Casualties: Continental Army 15, 1 ship captured, 1 ship damanged; British 53, 1 ship captured, 1 ship grounded.
Naval engagement as Treaty of Paris negotiations begin with British ships attacking three American vessels escorting merchantmen. American victory over larger British force.
April 9-12, 1782 - Battle of the Saintes, West Indies
Troops: France 33 ships; British 36 ships.
Casualties: France 3,000, 5,000 captured, 4 ships captured, 1 destroyed; British 1,059.
Decisive victory by British Navy forces the French and Spanish to abandon a plan to attack Jamaica. Large casualties for French forces include the Commander, the Comte de Grasse, captured, who had blockaded British ships during the Siege of Yorktown.
May 1782 - Capture of the Bahamas
Troops: Spain 3,340, 59 ships; British 1,412.
Casualties: Spain NA; British 1,412 captured, 100 ships captured (merchant and warships).
British commander of Nassau, John Maxwell, surrenders without a fight when sighting a superior Spanish force.
May 25 to June 12, 1782 - Crawford Expedition, Quebec (Ohio)
Troops: Continental Army/Militia 500; British/Indian Allies 440-740.
Casualties: Continental Army/Militia 70; British/Indian Allies 17.
Raids by Patriot Colonel William Crawford to destroy enemy Indian villages along the Sandusky River leads to a retreat and rout. Prisoners, including Crawford, are executed, leading to additional strains in the relationship between Indian tribes and American settlers.
August 19, 1782 - Battle of Blue Licks, Virginia
Troops: Continental Army/Militia 182; British/Allies 350.
Casualties: Continental Army/Militia 72, 11 captured; British/Allies 17.
Kentucky militia is ambushed and routed in present-day Kentucky by British troops, Indian allies, and Loyalists in one of the last battles of the American Revolution.
August 27, 1782 - Battle of Combahee River, South Carolina
Troops: Continental Army/Militia 200; British/Indian Allies 150.
Casualties: Continental Army 21; British NA.
Battle between Greene's American forces, who were effectively sieging British in Charleston, after denying a truce in March so British could forage for supplies. British victory during an armed forage party to get supplies for troops and city.
September 11-13, 1782 - Siege of Fort Henry, Virginia (West Virginia)
Troops: Continental Army/Militia/Settlers 40 men/boys, 60 women; British/Indian Allies 350.
Casualties: Continental Army/Militia/Settlers NA; British/Indian Allies NA.
Siege withstood by settlers until reinforcements arrived. Sometimes referred to as the last battle of the American Revolution.
October 20, 1782 - Battle of Cape Spartel, Morocco
Troops: Spain and France 38 ships; British 35 ships.
Casualties: Spain and France 276; British 360.
After British Admiral Richard Howe had resupplied the sieged town of Gibraltar, Spanish and French navy vessels engage the British in an indecisive naval battle west of the straits.
Note: Photo above: Painting of the Relief of Gibraltar by Earl Howe, October 11, 1782 by Richard Paton, after 1782. Courtesy Wikipedia Commons, National Maritime Museum. Casualty and troop strength numbers from Wikipedia Commons via various sources.