History Timeline 1600s

Picture above: Pocahontas, Source: World Noted Women, D. Appleton and Company, 1883, Wikipedia Commons. Right: Pocahontas Saving the Life of Captain John Smith, New England Chromo. Lithograph Company, 1870. Courtesy Library of Congress.


Pre-Revolution Timeline - The 1600s


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  • Timeline

  • 1600-1609

    1600 - In present-day Arizona and New Mexico, members of the Franciscan order of the Catholic Church establish missions in Hopi and other tribal areas under charter from the King of Spain.
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  • March 26, 1602 - Bartholomew Gosnold attempts to colonize New England for Great Britain with establishment of the Cuttyhunk Colony.
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  • April 7, 1604 - Pierre Dugua sails toward establishment of early New France settlement at St. Croix Island in territory of today's Maine, but the colony fails.
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  • May 31, 1607 - Captain George Popham establishes Popham Colony for King James and Britain near Pemaquid, Maine.
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  • April 26, 1607 - After five months at sea, three ships led by Captain Christopher Newport reach Cape Henry on the Virginia coast. The Susan Constant, the Discovery, and the Godspeed, later move up the James River for forty miles till they stop on Jamestown Island.
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  • May 13, 1607 - The three ships land in Jamestown, establishing the first English settlement in the United States. There are 103 settlers among them. Upon arrival, Captain John Smith is named to the governing council.
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  • Spring 1608 - Juan Martinez de Montoya founds the settlement of Santa Fe, the second oldest Spanish city of New Spain in North America.
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  • July 3, 1608 - Samuel de Champlain estabishes first permanent colony of New France at Quebec City, near the former abandoned Iroquois settlement of Stadacona.
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  • September 3, 1609 - Henry Hudson, working for the Dutch, sails into New York harbor and up the river that would bear his name to Albany.

    July 29, 1609 - Samuel Champlain battles an Iroquois party after his further exploration of the New World discovers Lake Champlain in early July and claims Vermont for the Kingdom of France.
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  • 1610-1619

    August 2, 1610 - Explorer Henry Hudson sails into Hudson Bay for the Dutch, searching for the Northwest Passage to the Orient.

    May 12, 1611 - King James version of the Bible published for the first time.

    July 23, 1612 - Sir Samuel Argall, newly named Admiral of Virginia, sails from England to the colonies to expel the French from English territories.
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  • July 2, 1613 to Spring 1614 - New France colony of Port Royal destroyed by Samuel Argall of Great Britain, then abandoned.
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  • March 17, 1614 - Governing body of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands proclaims exclusive trade and furthur exploration between the 40th and 45th parallel, New York to Maryland, to New Netherlands Trading Company for three years.
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  • April 5, 1614 - The history of Jamestown continues with the marriage of Pocahontas to John Rolfe, who would bring tobacco seeds to the colony and begin its harvesting this year. Their marriage led to eight years of peace among the colonists and Indians.
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  • 1600 to 1615 - American Indian Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala (Quechua) illustrates his 1,189-page book, El primer nueva corónica, y buen gobierno.

    1618 to 1619 - Smallpox epidemic wipes out 90% of the Native Americans in the Massachusetts Bay area.

    July 30, 1619 - First representative assembly, the House of Burgesses, held in America is elected in Jamestown. The next month, the Dutch land with indentured servants, African slaves, in Jamestown.

    December 4, 1619 - Virginia Company of London establishes new colony at Berkeley Hundred, Virginia, twenty miles north of Jamestown, arriving with thirty-eight settlers. It becomes the basis for the Berkeley Plantation.

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