Mount Saint Elias

Above: First sited in 1741 by Europeans, Mount Saint Elias, 2008. Courtesy National Park Service. Right: Fort Necessity, French and Indian War.

Fort Necessity

Pre-Revolution Timeline - The 1700s


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  • Timeline

  • 1740-1749

    March 18, 1741 - Twenty-nine years after the first revolt of slaves in New York, a second uprising occurs. Seventeen slaves were hanged after the revolt, thirteen burned, and seventy deported.

    1741 - Thomas Faunce, the Plymouth Colony's town record keeper, identifies the exact rock that lore and stories from his father had stated was the landing rock.
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  • July 16, 1741 - Mount Saint Elias, Alaska is sited by Danish Captain Vitas Bering under the employment of the Russians.
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  • July 21, 1741 - Two British ships attack Spanish vessels near Fort Matanzas, the stone fort erected on Matanzas Inlet in 1740 after the attacks of the British on St. Augustine.
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  • July 7, 1742 - Fort Frederica and Fort St. Simons attacked by Spanish in the Battle of Bloody Marsh, during the Invasion of the Province of Georgia.

    May 23, 1744 - First battle of King George's War begins with raid by New French against the British port of Canso. Four year conflict against northern British colonies takes heavy toll after battles in Maine and Fort Louisbourg in New France.

    November 28, 1745 - French raid Saratoga, New York, and follow that up with the August 19-20 attack on Fort Massachusetts in two of the New France raids deep into the Massachusetts Bay Colony during King George's War.

    October 18, 1748 - The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle is signed, ending King George's War between France, Great Britain, and their Indian allies in New England and Nova Scotia.
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  • March 16, 1749 - The petition of the Ohio Company to be granted two hundred thousand acres in approved by King George II of England to settle and engage in commerce in the territory of Ohio.
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  • May 17, 1749 - Georgia Trustees petition parliament to overturn the original ban against slavery in Oglethorpe's colony. It would be lifted two years later.
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  • 1750-1759

    March 6, 1750 - Thomas Walker leads expedition into the frontier of Kentucky and discovers the Cumberland Gap.
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  • June 24, 1750 - British Parliament enacts the Iron Act to protect their iron forges from American competition and control the iron trade in the colonies.
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  • June 10, 1751 - British Parliament passes the Currency Act to control the use of paper money in the New England colonies and plantations.
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  • June 15, 1752 - Benjamin Franklin invents the lightning rod after earlier in the year proving that lightning was electricity by flying a kite in a thunderstorm.

    May 28, 1754 - George Washington and his troops attack Fort Duquesne, an initial action of the French and Indian War between the English and French which began when French forces built and occupied Fort Duquesne in Pittsburgh and did not heed warnings to leave Virginia territory.
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  • June 19, 1754 - Albany Congress held between representatives of the colonies to discuss mutual defense and a treaty of alliance with the Six Nation tribes as tensions between British and French increase.
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  • July 3, 1754 - Battle of Fort Necessity occurs in southwestern Pennsylvania in a small fort built for supplies. That battle of the French and Indian War ends in a peace document, allowing Washington's withdrawal and surrender of the fort.
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  • July 25, 1755 - Decision to relocate Acadian French from Nova Scotia is made. British relocate 11,500 Acadian French to other British colonies and France over the next eight years; some later settle in Louisiana.

    August 3-9, 1757 - French capture Fort William Henry (New York) after a six day siege. This is the battle described in James Fenimore Cooper's book, the Last of the Mohicans.

    July 8, 1758 - First battle at Fort Ticonderoga known as the Battle of Fort Carillon begins. British are defeated, but succeed during second battle one year later on July 26, 1759 in the French and Indian War.
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