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U.S. Timeline - The 1770s

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  • 1771 Detail

    November 25, 1771 - The colony of New York gains another member of the press corps when the Albany Gazette becomes that city's first newspaper into publication. It would publish until 1845.

    Albany Gazette

    The history of the press in the colony of New York had been largely centered around New Amsterdam, i.e. New York City. But, on November 25, 1771, the Albany Gazette had its founding in the city that would become its capitol in 1797. The period of the colony was smack in between the end of the French and Indian War in 1763 and the start of the American Revolution in 1775. The paper was published by Alexander and James Robertson. By the first census in 1790, Albany had a population of 3,498.

    The Albany Gazette was published in its first incarnation from that date in 1771 until August 3, 1772, then return on May 28, 1784 and publish through March 25, 1817, when it merged to become the Albany Gazette and Daily Advertiser. In the early days of its second incarnation, it was published by Charles R. and George Webster.

    List of Other Albany Newspapers

    The New York Gazetteer and Northern Intelligencer - June 3, 1782 to May 1, 1784 (last issue located). Publisher was Solomon Balentine and Charles R. Webster.

    The Albany Journal or the Montgomery, Washington, and Columbia Intelligencer - January 26, 1788 to May 11, 1789 (last issue located). Publisher was Charles R. and George Webster and Company.

    The Albany Register - October 13, 1788 to May 12, 1820. Continued by the New-York Statesman (Albany). Publishers on October 13, 1788, Robert Barber & Company. Between May 23 and June 13, 1791, John Barber. Between September 24 and October 22, 1792, John Barber and Solomon Southwick. September 5, 1800, John Barber.

    The Albany Chronicle - September 12, 1796 to August 21, 1797. Continued after that date by the Albany Chronicle, or, the Journal of the Times. Publisher as of September 12, 1796, John M'Donald with earlier mentions of an additional publisher Robert Moffitt.

    The Albany Chronicle or Journal of the Times - August 28, 1797 to April 9, 1798. Editor John M'Donald. Printer and Publisher Joseph Fry.

    The Albany Centinel - July 4, 1797 to November 10, 1806 with continuation in other forms after that date. Publishers from July 4, 1797, Isaiah Thomas, Ebenezer T. Andrews, and Obadiah Penniman, co-partners. October 5, 1798, Loring Andrews.

    Still in Print

    Albany Times Union - Founded in 1857 as the Morning Times; renamed the Times Union in 1891. Now owned by the Hearst Corporation.

    Albany Legislative Gazette - Weekly newspaper on state government politics. Founded 1978. Published by Denton Publications.

    History of the Press in the Colony of New York

    The colony of New York saw the publication of its first newspaper on November 8, 1725, the New-York Gazette, by William Bradford. It was a two to six page paper that often supported the Provincial Governor William Cosby. It ceased publication on November 19, 1744, although a co-publisher continued it as the New York Evening Post (no relation to today's Post) until 1752 or 1753.

    Eight years later after the first publication of the New-York Gazette, on November 5, 1733, a political adversary of the Gazette was started, known as the New York Weekly Journal. The Journal became famous in 1734 and 1735 when its publisher, John Peter Zenger, was prosecuted for seditious libel at the request of New York Colonial Governor, William Cosby, whom the paper was critical of. Zenger was acquitted. The New York Weekly Journal was published until March 18, 1753.

    Image above: View of North Pearl Street in 1800's Albany, James Eights. Courtesy Albany Institute of History and Art via Wikipedia Commons. Image below: Lansing-Pemberton House, circa 1880, built 1710 at North Pearl and Columbia Streets, which was originally outside the Albany fort gate when built by Jacob Lansing (building no longer standing, plaque on site), Historic American Buildings Survey. Courtesy Library of Congress. Info Source: Library of Congress; "A check list of American eighteenth century newspapers in the Library of Congress," 1912, Library of Congress. Periodicals division, Ingram, John Van Ness, Parsons, Henry S.;; Friends of Albany History; Wikipedia Commons.

    Lansing-Pemberton House, Albany

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