2000's - The War on Terrorism
|April 1, 2000 - The 2000 census enumerates a
population of 281,421,906, increasing 13.2% since 1990. As regions, the
South and West continued to pick up the majority of the increase in
population, moving the geographic center of U.S. population to Phelps
April 3, 2000 - The ruling in the case of the
United States versus Microsoft states that the company did violate
anti-trust laws by diminishing the capability of its rivals to compete.
1, 2000 - For the first time since 1851, the United States of America
does not participate in a major World's Fair, the Hannover 2000 World
Expo, despite a record number, 187, of international participants.
President Bill Clinton had withdrawn U.S. participation late in 1999
after agreement to participate in 1997. Congressional apathy toward
participation in world events continues a decline in U.S. involvement
after the fall of the Soviet Union and victory in the Cold War. A
consequence of this policy has led to a rise, among some experts, of
anti-American sentiment and a decline of U.S. influence in diplomatic
affairs. Less than half, 18.1 million, of the original attendance
estimate, 40 million, visit Hannover's event.
7, 2000 - George W. Bush, son of the former President, and Vice
President Al Gore hold a virtual dead-heat for the presidency, with a
disputed vote in Florida holding off the naming of the winner of the
Presidential Election until the Supreme Court of the United States
voted in favor of Bush on December 12. This ruling gave Florida to the
Bush camp by a 527 vote majority and a victory in the Electoral
College, 271-266, despite gaining less popular votes than Gore.
7, 2000 - Hillary Rodham Clinton wins a seat for the United States
Senate from New York. It is the first time a former First Lady wins
28, 2000 - Montgomery Ward, the retail giant since its founding one
hundred and twenty-eight years before, announces its intention to cease
business. Competition from newer, low-cost retail behemoths such as
Wal-Mart lead to its demise.
|January 6, 2001 - Certification of the
Electoral College victory of the 2000 United States Presidential
election in the U.S. Senate confirms George W. Bush as the victor, with
Dick Cheney as his Vice-President.
1, 2001 - China-U.S. incident. An American spy plane collides with a
fighter plane of China and makes an emergency landing in Hainan, China.
The U.S. crew is detained for ten days.
April 8, 2001 - Tiger Woods becomes the first golfer to hold all four
major golf titles simultaneously by winning the Master's
Augusta, Georgia. This followed a remarkable run in 2000 when
Woods claimed victory at the final three majors of that season; the
U.S. Open, the British Open, and the PGA Championship.
11, 2001 - Islamic fundamentalist terrorists hijack four U.S. airliners
and crash them into the Pentagon and the World Trade Center in New York
City. The attack of two planes levels the World Trade Center and the
crash of one plane inflicts serious damage to the Pentagon in
Arlington, Virginia, causing nearly 3,000 deaths. The fourth
plane is heroically crashed by passengers into a Shanksville,
Pennsylvania cornfield when they learn of the plot, preventing
destruction of another structure in Washington, D.C., supposed to be
the White House or the Capitol building. The plot is attributed to the
Al-Qaeda organization led by Osama Bin Laden.
18, 2001 - Anthrax attacks by mail from Princeton, New Jersey against
news and government targets begin. Federal officials announce the first
case on October 4.
7, 2001 - In response to the tragedy of September 11, the United States
military, with participation from its ally the United Kingdom, commence
the first attack in the War on Terrorism on the Taliban and Al-Qaeda in
Afghanistan. By November 12, the Taliban government leaves the capital,
|February 8, 2002 - Amid tight security due to terrorism concerns,
the Winter Olympic Games are opened by President George W. Bush in Salt
Lake City, Utah. They would continue without major incident until
the closing ceremony on February 24.
21, 2002 - The United States State Department issues its report in the
War on Terror. It states that there are seven nations that a
State-Sponsors: Iran, Iraq, Cuba, Libya, North Korea, Sudan, and Syria.
5, 2002 - Continuing its pattern of the past several years, Iraq
refuses new proposals from the United Nations concerning weapons
inspections. The inspections were part of the cease-fire agreement and
terms of surrender in the 1991 Gulf War. On September 12, U.S.
President George Bush addresses the United Nations and warns the
members that Iraq presents a grave danger to the world that they must
confront, or that the United States and others will act unitarily. On
October 2, 2002, the United States Congress passes a resolution giving
the President of the U.S. the authority to use the military forces of
the country as he thinks necessary.
8, 2002 - The United Nations passes Resolution 1441 in a unanimous
Security Council vote. It forces Saddam Hussein and Iraq to disarm or
face serious consequences.
21, 2002 - NATO invites additional members of the former Soviet bloc to
join its membership. Seven nations are included in the invitation;
Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia.
the America's Best History
In easy to
read, print, & search digital and paperback formats.
|Site of the former World Trade
Center, Ground Zero, New York City.
|February 1, 2003 - A tragedy at NASA occurs when the Space Shuttle
Columbia explodes upon reentry over Texas. All seven astronauts
inside are killed.
March 19, 2003
- The War in Iraq begins with the bombing of Baghdad after additional
measures and mandates from the United Nations and the United States
coalition fail to gain concessions or the removal of Saddam Hussein
from power. The U.S. coalition, upon failure to extract authority from
the U.N. for action due to the veto power of France, begin land
operations one day later with participation from U.S., British,
Australian, and Polish troops.
April 9, 2003 - The U.S. coalition seizes control of Baghdad in the Iraq conflict.
2, 2003 - The International Olympic Committee votes in Prague that the
Winter Olympic Games are coming back to North America, selecting
Vancouver, Canada as host of the XXI Olympic Games in 2010.
13, 2003 - Saddam Hussein, former leader of Iraq, is captured in a
small bunker in Tikrit by the U.S. 4th Infantry Division.
|February 3, 2004 - The Central Intelligence Agency admits that the
imminent threat from weapons of mass destruction was not present before
the 2003 Iraq war began.
March 2, 2004 - Mars rover MER-B (Opportunity) confirms to NASA that the area of their landing was once covered in water.
4, 2004 - The groundbreaking ceremony for the Freedom Tower at Ground
Zero, the former site of the World Trade Center complex destroyed
during the September 11, 2001 attacks, occurs in New York City.
2, 2004 - President George W. Bush wins reelection over Democratic
Senator John Kerry from Massachusetts. He wins 50.7% of the
popular vote and 286 votes in the Electoral College.
26, 2004 - The southeast Asian tsunami occurs following a 9.3 Richter
scale earthquake in the Indian Ocean. Two hundred and ninety thousand
people die from Sri Lanka to Indonesia, creating one of the greatest
humanitarian tragedies in history. A worldwide relief effort, led
by the United States and many other nations, is mobilized to assist.
|May 31, 2005 - After more than thirty years in suspense, the
identity of Deep Throat, the contact for reporters Woodward and
Bernstein in the uncovering of the Watergate scandal, is revealed when
W. Mark Felt, the second in command at the CIA at the time, confirms
that he was their contact.
July 26, 2005 - In the first Space Shuttle flight since the tragedy
of 2003, Discovery goes into orbit on a mission that returns to earth
safely on August 9.
29, 2005 - Hurricane Katrina strikes the Gulf Coast, inundating the
city of New Orleans with water from Lake Pontchartrain when the levees
that maintain the below sea level city break. Over one thousand three
hundred people perish from Alabama to Louisiana in one of the worst
natural disasters to strike the United States. (Picture Below:
across the Gulf Coast
of the United States after Hurricane Katrina.)
October 24, 2005 - Civil Rights activist, Rosa Parks, dies.
26, 2005 - The War of Terror continues. With elections in Iraq to
confirm a new constitution vying with internal terrorism amid the U.S.
military presence on October 15, eleven days later a statement from the
Iranian President, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, calls for the destruction of
Israel and condemns the peace process.
National Park fans
|February 22, 2006 - In a continuing shift of the retail industry to
new platforms, it is announced that the one billionth song is
downloaded from the internet music store, Apple iTunes. This shift
comes at the expense of many brick and mortar chains, including Tower
September 25, 2006 - In New
the Louisiana Superdome reopens after repairs caused by Hurricane
Katrina damage. The repairs included the largest re-roofing project in
U.S. history and took thirteen months following the destruction to the
Gulf Coast region.
2006 - The population of the United States reaches the milestone of
three hundred million, taking only forty-two years to gain one hundred
million people since the two hundredth million person was added in
1964. At the same time, a vibrant debate on immigration policy,
particularly illegal immigration, ensues across the nation.
7, 2006 - In the mid-term elections, both houses of Congress change
back to Democratic hands for the first time since 1994. This is
seen as a referendum by many on the Iraq policy of the Bush
administration as well as personal Republican scandals among some House
and Senate members.
2006 - United States manufacturing capacity and esteem wanes, signaled
by the sale of the last shares of his General Motors stock by U.S.
billionaire Kirk Kerkorian.
|January 4, 2007 - The first female speaker of the U.S. House of
Representatives, Representative Nancy Pelosi of San Francisco,
California, is sworn into office.
10, 2007 - President George W. Bush announces a troop surge of 21,500
for the war in Iraq to stem the violence at the request of new
commander General Petraeus. This controversial policy begins to show
positive signs once fully implemented during the summer months, with a
reduction in violent attacks against coalition forces and Iraqi
civilians. Progress on the political front within the Iraqi national
government, however, does not keep pace with positive developments on
the military front.
June 2, 2007
- A terror plot to blow up JFK International Airport in New York City
is thwarted when four terrorists are arrested and charged with its plan.
4, 2007 - The fifty star flag of the United States of America becomes
the longest flying flag in American history after flying over
December 13, 2007 - The Mitchell Report on the Steroids Scandal in baseball
is published. It recounted a year long investigation into the use and
abuse of performance enhancing drugs over a two decade period,
including steroids and human growth hormone. Nearly ninety
players were named, and blame for the scandal was spread among players,
the union, and the commissioner's office. Headed by former Senator
George Mitchell, the report urged enhanced testing to stem the problem
and a look forward attitude to restore the integrity of the game and
its statistics. The report comes after a season when
Barry Bonds broke the home run record of Hank Aaron amid suspicion of steroid use.
|July 1, 2008 - A report by the U.S.
embassy in Iraq states that 15 of the 18 goals set for the Iraqi
government have been met, largely due to the surge implemented over the
last year. The increase of 21,500 United States troops, commonly known
as the surge, reduced violence and restored order to the nation,
allowing the government of Iraq to focus more on solving other problems
needed to establish a stable nation.
17, 2008 - Michael Phelps, the United States swimmer from Baltimore,
wins his 8th Gold Medal of the Beijing Summer Olympic Games, surpassing
the record of seven won by Mark Spitz.
29, 2008 - John McCain chooses Sarah Palin, 1st term Governor of
Alaska, as his running mate, making the contest between Barack Obama
and himself, the first time a presidential election included both an
African-American candidate and a woman amongst the Presidential and
Vice Presidential nominees for president among the Democratic and
3, 2008 - The United States Congress passes legislation, signed by
President Bush, for a $700 billion bailout, the Emergency Economic
Stabilization Act, giving the Treasury Department authority to assist
distressed Wall Street and banking businesses of the United States due
to the housing, banking, and subprime mortgage crises caused by
excessive greed and speculation among Wall Street firms. This economic
distress, coupled with oil prices above $140 per barrel during the
summer, deepened the world economic crises that had been brewing all
year. The bailout was supported by current President George W. Bush and
both presidential candidates, Barack Obama and John
4, 2008 - Barack Obama, Democratic Senator from Illinois, the land of
Abraham Lincoln, wins a landslide margin in the Electoral College, 365
to 173 in the election for the 44th President of the USA over John
McCain, making him the first African-American president in the history
of the United States of America.
|44th President of the United States, Barack
|January 20, 2009 - Barack
Obama takes the oath of office for President of the United States,
becoming the first African-American president in the history of the
nation. The Democratic Senator from Illinois comes into the office on a
message of Change. The city of Washington, D.C. hosts more than one
million visitors to the inauguration, covering the National Mall in a
way reminiscent of the Civil Rights March of Martin Luther King
forty-six years earlier.
15, 2009 - After a succession of big government spending projects
beginning in the Bush administration and expanded under President
Obama, 750 grass roots Tea Party protests spring up across the
nation. More than one half million citizens concerned with
increased deficits due to actions such as the bailout of the banking
industry, car industry, potential cap and trade legislation, and other
administration projects that project a ten trillion dollar deficit over
the next decade take part.
11, 2009 - The H1N1 virus, named the Swine Flu, is deemed a global
pandemic by the World Health Organization. This is the first such
designation since the Hong Kong flu in 1967-1968.
31, 2009 - The economic recession continues to deepen as jobless claims
climb above 10.0%, reaching 10.2% with October's monthly figures. This
occurs despite efforts by the Obama administration to ramp up massive
government spending pushed by the $780 billion economic stimulus
package passed earlier in the year.
1, 2009 - President Obama announces a surge of 30,000 additional troops
to Afghanistan to stem increased efforts by the Taliban in the country.
The surge, which was suggested by military officers, was not popular
with the liberal base of the Democratic party which had put the
President in power on a pledge to end both Middle Eastern wars. The war
in Afghanistan, which started as a response to the terror attacks on
9/11/2001, and the war on terror in general, comes into focus again on
December 25 when an airliner headed for Detroit is attacked by a Muslim
extremist, 23-year-old Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab, who attempts to
detonate a bomb, but fails.